Fetching variables

Fetch scalar MIB variables (SNMPv1)

Perform SNMP GET operation with the following options:

  • with SNMPv1, community ‘public’
  • over IPv4/UDP
  • to an Agent at demo.snmplabs.com:161
  • for OIDs in tuple form

This script performs similar to the following Net-SNMP command:

$ snmpget -v1 -c public -ObentU demo.snmplabs.com 1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1.0 1.3.6.1.2.1.1.3.0
from pysnmp.carrier.asyncore.dispatch import AsyncoreDispatcher
from pysnmp.carrier.asyncore.dgram import udp, udp6, unix
from pyasn1.codec.ber import encoder, decoder
from pysnmp.proto import api
from time import time

# Protocol version to use
pMod = api.protoModules[api.protoVersion1]
# pMod = api.protoModules[api.protoVersion2c]

# Build PDU
reqPDU = pMod.GetRequestPDU()
pMod.apiPDU.setDefaults(reqPDU)
pMod.apiPDU.setVarBinds(
    reqPDU, (('1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1.0', pMod.Null('')),
             ('1.3.6.1.2.1.1.3.0', pMod.Null('')))
)

# Build message
reqMsg = pMod.Message()
pMod.apiMessage.setDefaults(reqMsg)
pMod.apiMessage.setCommunity(reqMsg, 'public')
pMod.apiMessage.setPDU(reqMsg, reqPDU)

startedAt = time()


def cbTimerFun(timeNow):
    if timeNow - startedAt > 3:
        raise Exception("Request timed out")


# noinspection PyUnusedLocal,PyUnusedLocal
def cbRecvFun(transportDispatcher, transportDomain, transportAddress,
              wholeMsg, reqPDU=reqPDU):
    while wholeMsg:
        rspMsg, wholeMsg = decoder.decode(wholeMsg, asn1Spec=pMod.Message())
        rspPDU = pMod.apiMessage.getPDU(rspMsg)
        # Match response to request
        if pMod.apiPDU.getRequestID(reqPDU) == pMod.apiPDU.getRequestID(rspPDU):
            # Check for SNMP errors reported
            errorStatus = pMod.apiPDU.getErrorStatus(rspPDU)
            if errorStatus:
                print(errorStatus.prettyPrint())
            else:
                for oid, val in pMod.apiPDU.getVarBinds(rspPDU):
                    print('%s = %s' % (oid.prettyPrint(), val.prettyPrint()))
            transportDispatcher.jobFinished(1)
    return wholeMsg


transportDispatcher = AsyncoreDispatcher()

transportDispatcher.registerRecvCbFun(cbRecvFun)
transportDispatcher.registerTimerCbFun(cbTimerFun)

# UDP/IPv4
transportDispatcher.registerTransport(
    udp.domainName, udp.UdpSocketTransport().openClientMode()
)

# Pass message to dispatcher
transportDispatcher.sendMessage(
    encoder.encode(reqMsg), udp.domainName, ('demo.snmplabs.com', 161)
)
transportDispatcher.jobStarted(1)

## UDP/IPv6 (second copy of the same PDU will be sent)
# transportDispatcher.registerTransport(
#    udp6.domainName, udp6.Udp6SocketTransport().openClientMode()
# )

# Pass message to dispatcher
# transportDispatcher.sendMessage(
#    encoder.encode(reqMsg), udp6.domainName, ('::1', 161)
# )
# transportDispatcher.jobStarted(1)

## Local domain socket
# transportDispatcher.registerTransport(
#    unix.domainName, unix.UnixSocketTransport().openClientMode()
# )
#
# Pass message to dispatcher
# transportDispatcher.sendMessage(
#    encoder.encode(reqMsg), unix.domainName, '/tmp/snmp-agent'
# )
# transportDispatcher.jobStarted(1)

# Dispatcher will finish as job#1 counter reaches zero
transportDispatcher.runDispatcher()

transportDispatcher.closeDispatcher()

Download script.

See also: library reference.