Transport tweaks

Listen for notifications at IPv4 & IPv6 interfaces

Receive SNMP TRAP messages with the following options:

  • SNMPv1/SNMPv2c
  • with SNMP community “public”
  • over IPv4/UDP, listening at 127.0.0.1:162
  • over IPv6/UDP, listening at [::1]:162
  • print received data on stdout

Either of the following Net-SNMP commands will send notifications to this receiver:

$ snmptrap -v1 -c public 127.0.0.1 1.3.6.1.4.1.20408.4.1.1.2 127.0.0.1 1 1 123 1.3.6.1.2.1.1.1.0 s test
$ snmptrap -v2c -c public udp6:[::1] 123 1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.1 1.3.6.1.2.1.1.5.0 s test

Notification Receiver below uses two different transports for communication with Notification Originators - UDP over IPv4 and UDP over IPv6.

from pysnmp.carrier.asyncore.dispatch import AsyncoreDispatcher
from pysnmp.carrier.asyncore.dgram import udp, udp6, unix
from pyasn1.codec.ber import decoder
from pysnmp.proto import api


# noinspection PyUnusedLocal
def cbFun(transportDispatcher, transportDomain, transportAddress, wholeMsg):
    while wholeMsg:
        msgVer = int(api.decodeMessageVersion(wholeMsg))
        if msgVer in api.protoModules:
            pMod = api.protoModules[msgVer]
        else:
            print('Unsupported SNMP version %s' % msgVer)
            return
        reqMsg, wholeMsg = decoder.decode(
            wholeMsg, asn1Spec=pMod.Message(),
        )
        print('Notification message from %s:%s: ' % (
            transportDomain, transportAddress
        )
              )
        reqPDU = pMod.apiMessage.getPDU(reqMsg)
        if reqPDU.isSameTypeWith(pMod.TrapPDU()):
            if msgVer == api.protoVersion1:
                print('Enterprise: %s' % (pMod.apiTrapPDU.getEnterprise(reqPDU).prettyPrint()))
                print('Agent Address: %s' % (pMod.apiTrapPDU.getAgentAddr(reqPDU).prettyPrint()))
                print('Generic Trap: %s' % (pMod.apiTrapPDU.getGenericTrap(reqPDU).prettyPrint()))
                print('Specific Trap: %s' % (pMod.apiTrapPDU.getSpecificTrap(reqPDU).prettyPrint()))
                print('Uptime: %s' % (pMod.apiTrapPDU.getTimeStamp(reqPDU).prettyPrint()))
                varBinds = pMod.apiTrapPDU.getVarBinds(reqPDU)
            else:
                varBinds = pMod.apiPDU.getVarBinds(reqPDU)
            print('Var-binds:')
            for oid, val in varBinds:
                print('%s = %s' % (oid.prettyPrint(), val.prettyPrint()))
    return wholeMsg


transportDispatcher = AsyncoreDispatcher()

transportDispatcher.registerRecvCbFun(cbFun)

# UDP/IPv4
transportDispatcher.registerTransport(
    udp.domainName, udp.UdpSocketTransport().openServerMode(('localhost', 162))
)

# UDP/IPv6
transportDispatcher.registerTransport(
    udp6.domainName, udp6.Udp6SocketTransport().openServerMode(('::1', 162))
)

## Local domain socket
# transportDispatcher.registerTransport(
#    unix.domainName, unix.UnixSocketTransport().openServerMode('/tmp/snmp-manager')
# )

transportDispatcher.jobStarted(1)

try:
    # Dispatcher will never finish as job#1 never reaches zero
    transportDispatcher.runDispatcher()
except:
    transportDispatcher.closeDispatcher()
    raise

Download script.

See also: library reference.