Various SNMP versions

Serving multiple network interfaces

Receive SNMP TRAP/INFORM messages with the following options:

  • SNMPv1/SNMPv2c
  • with SNMP community “public”
  • over IPv4/UDP, listening at 127.0.0.1:162 over IPv4/UDP, listening at 127.0.0.1:2162
  • print received data on stdout

Either of the following Net-SNMP commands will send notifications to this receiver:

$ snmptrap -v2c -c public 127.0.0.1:162 123 1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.1 1.3.6.1.2.1.1.5.0 s test
$ snmpinform -v2c -c public 127.0.0.1:2162 123 1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.1
from pysnmp.entity import engine, config
from pysnmp.carrier.asyncore.dgram import udp
from pysnmp.entity.rfc3413 import ntfrcv

# Create SNMP engine with autogenernated engineID and pre-bound
# to socket transport dispatcher
snmpEngine = engine.SnmpEngine()

# Transport setup

# UDP over IPv4, first listening interface/port
config.addTransport(
    snmpEngine,
    udp.domainName + (1,),
    udp.UdpTransport().openServerMode(('127.0.0.1', 162))
)

# UDP over IPv4, second listening interface/port
config.addTransport(
    snmpEngine,
    udp.domainName + (2,),
    udp.UdpTransport().openServerMode(('127.0.0.1', 2162))
)

# SNMPv1/2c setup

# SecurityName <-> CommunityName mapping
config.addV1System(snmpEngine, 'my-area', 'public')


# Callback function for receiving notifications
# noinspection PyUnusedLocal,PyUnusedLocal,PyUnusedLocal
def cbFun(snmpEngine, stateReference, contextEngineId, contextName,
          varBinds, cbCtx):
    print('Notification from ContextEngineId "%s", ContextName "%s"' % (contextEngineId.prettyPrint(),
                                                                        contextName.prettyPrint()))
    for name, val in varBinds:
        print('%s = %s' % (name.prettyPrint(), val.prettyPrint()))


# Register SNMP Application at the SNMP engine
ntfrcv.NotificationReceiver(snmpEngine, cbFun)

snmpEngine.transportDispatcher.jobStarted(1)  # this job would never finish

# Run I/O dispatcher which would receive queries and send confirmations
try:
    snmpEngine.transportDispatcher.runDispatcher()
except:
    snmpEngine.transportDispatcher.closeDispatcher()
    raise

Download script.

Multiple SNMP USM users

Receive SNMP TRAP/INFORM messages with the following options:

  • SNMPv3
  • with USM users:
    • ‘usr-md5-des’, auth: MD5, priv DES, ContextEngineId: 8000000001020304
    • ‘usr-md5-none’, auth: MD5, priv NONE, ContextEngineId: 8000000001020304
    • ‘usr-sha-aes128’, auth: SHA, priv AES, ContextEngineId: 8000000001020304
  • over IPv4/UDP, listening at 127.0.0.1:162
  • print received data on stdout

Either of the following Net-SNMP commands will send notifications to this receiver:

$ snmptrap -v3 -u usr-md5-des -l authPriv -A authkey1 -X privkey1 -e 8000000001020304 127.0.0.1 123 1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.1
$ snmptrap -v3 -u usr-md5-none -l authNoPriv -A authkey1 -e 8000000001020304 127.0.0.1 123 1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.1
$ snmpinform -v3 -u usr-sha-aes128 -l authPriv -a SHA -A authkey1 -x AES -X privkey1 127.0.0.1 123 1.3.6.1.6.3.1.1.5.1
from pysnmp.entity import engine, config
from pysnmp.carrier.asyncore.dgram import udp
from pysnmp.entity.rfc3413 import ntfrcv
from pysnmp.proto.api import v2c

# Create SNMP engine with autogenernated engineID and pre-bound
# to socket transport dispatcher
snmpEngine = engine.SnmpEngine()

# Transport setup

# UDP over IPv4
config.addTransport(
    snmpEngine,
    udp.domainName,
    udp.UdpTransport().openServerMode(('127.0.0.1', 162))
)

# SNMPv3/USM setup

# user: usr-md5-des, auth: MD5, priv DES
config.addV3User(
    snmpEngine, 'usr-md5-des',
    config.usmHMACMD5AuthProtocol, 'authkey1',
    config.usmDESPrivProtocol, 'privkey1'
)

# user: usr-md5-des, auth: MD5, priv DES, securityEngineId: 8000000001020304
# this USM entry is used for TRAP receiving purposes
config.addV3User(
    snmpEngine, 'usr-md5-des',
    config.usmHMACMD5AuthProtocol, 'authkey1',
    config.usmDESPrivProtocol, 'privkey1',
    securityEngineId=v2c.OctetString(hexValue='8000000001020304')
)

# user: usr-md5-none, auth: MD5, priv NONE
config.addV3User(
    snmpEngine, 'usr-md5-none',
    config.usmHMACMD5AuthProtocol, 'authkey1'
)

# user: usr-md5-none, auth: MD5, priv NONE, securityEngineId: 8000000001020304
# this USM entry is used for TRAP receiving purposes
config.addV3User(
    snmpEngine, 'usr-md5-none',
    config.usmHMACMD5AuthProtocol, 'authkey1',
    securityEngineId=v2c.OctetString(hexValue='8000000001020304')
)

# user: usr-sha-aes128, auth: SHA, priv AES
config.addV3User(
    snmpEngine, 'usr-sha-aes128',
    config.usmHMACSHAAuthProtocol, 'authkey1',
    config.usmAesCfb128Protocol, 'privkey1'
)
# user: usr-sha-aes128, auth: SHA, priv AES, securityEngineId: 8000000001020304
# this USM entry is used for TRAP receiving purposes
config.addV3User(
    snmpEngine, 'usr-sha-aes128',
    config.usmHMACSHAAuthProtocol, 'authkey1',
    config.usmAesCfb128Protocol, 'privkey1',
    securityEngineId=v2c.OctetString(hexValue='8000000001020304')
)


# Callback function for receiving notifications
# noinspection PyUnusedLocal,PyUnusedLocal,PyUnusedLocal
def cbFun(snmpEngine, stateReference, contextEngineId, contextName,
          varBinds, cbCtx):
    print('Notification from ContextEngineId "%s", ContextName "%s"' % (contextEngineId.prettyPrint(),
                                                                        contextName.prettyPrint()))
    for name, val in varBinds:
        print('%s = %s' % (name.prettyPrint(), val.prettyPrint()))


# Register SNMP Application at the SNMP engine
ntfrcv.NotificationReceiver(snmpEngine, cbFun)

snmpEngine.transportDispatcher.jobStarted(1)  # this job would never finish

# Run I/O dispatcher which would receive queries and send confirmations
try:
    snmpEngine.transportDispatcher.runDispatcher()
except:
    snmpEngine.transportDispatcher.closeDispatcher()
    raise

Download script.

See also: library reference.